5 Steps for Vegetable Farming on Rooftop – Beginners 2024

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Today I am going to tell you some steps with the help of which you can vegetables farming on the roof of your house, it is a very easy reaction that can save money as well. Also, vegetables grown organically at home are available seasonally, so we don't need to buy vegetables from the market.
5 Steps for Vegetable Farming on Rooftop – Beginners 2024
Today I am going to tell you some steps with the help of which you can vegetables farming on the roof of your house, it is a very easy reaction that can save money as well. Also, vegetables grown organically at home are available seasonally, so we don’t need to buy vegetables from the market. We all agree that we don’t have enough space to grow vegetables on the roof of our house, so we have to design a garden for farming on our roof. Vegetable cultivation and which plants should be given which space, Some plants like more sun and some without much sun can continue to produce seasonal vegetables without any problems, plants that like less sun, are to be kept in the shade of a green net. It is obvious that if we have to do farming on the roof of the house, then for this we need more production in a small area because every farmer wants to have more production of his grown fruit. According to scientists, if we spend 15 minutes a day in plants, our health is very pleasant, and we feel good. Being close to nature is a very pleasant spiritual peace that allows you to see the sights of nature, how plants grow, how they bear fruit, how to protect them, and many more benefits. Now I am going to tell you some steps to follow on how you can turn your rooftop into a vegetable farm.

Assess Your Rooftop Garden

According to me, in urban areas where there is a lot of noise and movement, growing vegetables on the roof of the house is one of the best decisions because there is a lack of clean air in urban life and plants play a role in keeping the air clean. The most important thing is to examine the place where you want to grow vegetables, how can convert it into a farm, and where should cultivate what vegetables.
1- Sunlight

First, you choose the vegetables you want to grow and get their seeds from the online store or the nearest agriculture store, then after growing the seeds, when the plants are a little bigger. Choose a sunny place for them that like the sun and those plants that survive in less sun and provide a good amount of fruit can be placed under the green net or placed in a shady place.
2- Structure
For rooftop urban agriculture, we have to be very careful about one thing the pots in which, we will fill the soil are not too heavy. So prepare the roof of the house for farming by looking at the dimensions of your roof and choosing the place where you think the weight can be more bearable.
3- Accessibility

You will also have to be very careful about how much water is given to the plants, how they are cared for, and harvesting techniques. It is very important to know which vegetables are ready at what time. What does a vegetable look like and what is its harvest time?

Correct Choice Of Container

1- Raised Beds

Raised beds are mostly used for root vegetables such as Potatoes, carrots, Radishes, and Beetroot. One of the main reasons why vegetable roots get fungus or root disease is because we don’t have a proper system of drainage holes under our beds. Water stagnates in the pot and the roots get damaged, due to which the vegetables cannot grow well. Raised beds of different sizes will be available from the nearest agriculture shop or online store, choose the size, length, and width as per the amount of vegetables you want to grow.
2- Pots

Pots come in a wide variety of sizes for growing vegetables, from planting seeds to transplanting large plants to whatever size pot is needed. The advantage of planting vegetables in pots is that we can easily move them from one place to another, which means that if the plant needs more sunlight, we can shift it to a sunny place and open the roof of our house. They don’t take up much space and are light in weight to grow vegetables on the rooftop and that’s a good thing. You can use any spare box or plastic basket you have at home to make a pot, but it is better if the pot is made of plastic, wood, or fabric and has drainage holes in it so that excess water can drain out of the pot. Go and it comes in many varieties of shapes and sizes, whatever shape and size you like, you can choose it according to your needs.

Prepare Your Soil Mix

The most important role for vegetable cultivation is soil. The more nutrients the soil has, the more healthy and good the plants will be. Because we are growing vegetables on the roof of the house, it is not appropriate to put more weight on the roof. To make the best soil mix, you can use cow dung compost, cocopeat, and construction sand, which makes the soil more compact and lightweight. The weight will be reduced and the water will not stay in the pot.
1- Aeration

Plant roots need air. The better the soil mix, the more the roots will spread and the air will be able to penetrate the soil.
2- Nutrients

Vegetables need a regular amount of nutrients for optimal growth, you are giving these plants phosphorus potassium nitrogen nutrients, which will keep the plants flourishing. Try to use organic compost like cow dung compost, and kitchen waste material.

Selection of Vegetables for Rooftop Farming

1- Climate

Try to choose to grow vegetables on the roof of the house that grow best in terms of your area or climate, as the summer season is about to start, plant those vegetables that can tolerate more sun. Depending on the season you will also have to protect the plants which is very important to get seasonal vegetables.
2- Beginners Friendly Vegetables

If you are new to growing vegetables on your roof, you should choose vegetables that grow quickly and require less effort and attention, such as Leafy greens, Herbs, Cherry tomatoes, and Peppers. This will increase your experience and you will be ready to work harder the next time you want to grow more vegetables.

Take Care of the Rooftop Garden

1- Watering

For rooftop farming, arrange the water flow in such a way that the water that comes out of the pots or any wastewater can be easily discharged from the roof so that water does not stand on the roof of the house. The best time to water plants is in the morning or the evening, try to avoid watering in the afternoon when the sun is most intense. Soil needs more water during hot days so keep it moist, when you find the top layer of soil is dry, water it well so that water can easily reach the bottom roots in the pot.
2- Organic & Inorganic Fertilizers

The best option is to use compost tea worm castings and minerals that are rich in natural nutrients. You can also use a balanced amount of inorganic fertilizers specially formulated for container vegetable farming.
3- Organic Pests & Disease Control

There are some diseases and insects that attack our plants seasonally which suck the sap in the leaves and the plant slowly dies. I am going to tell you the best way to prevent them. You should separate a garlic bulb and remove the skin from it, then put it in a pot to be heated in water. After a while, you will see that it is boiling. Once the water has changed color and turned slightly yellowish, take it off the stove, strain it, and keep it aside to cool. Now put a spoonful of turmeric in a glass or bottle, when the turmeric settles down and the water is seen to be filtered, then add some amount of turmeric water and some amount of garlic water that we have boiled. Add half a teaspoon of baking soda and then shower the water with your water spray bottle so that the bugs that are attached to it will run away or die.


This article talks about rooftop vegetable farming, I hope you have learned a lot.

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